If you're a pack-a-day
smoker, this means going from 20 to 0 cigarettes in the matter of a day. With the cold
turkey method, you completely stop your smoking all at once, relying on your will power to
fight your nicotine addiction.
This is the most popular, yet possibly the
most uncomfortable, tobacco reduction or cessation strategy. It involves setting a
reduction or quit date, and simply reducing or quitting on that date without any prior
reduction, preparation or nicotine withdrawal.
The "cold turkey" approach can cause
mild to severe nicotine withdrawal symptoms. Drastic reductions in tobacco use will result
in withdrawal symptoms that can include irritability, fatigue, headache, insomnia,
constipation, sweating, coughing, poor concentration, depression, increased appetite, and
cravings for tobacco.
Quitting cold turkey is extremely
difficult because most of us have lives that require us to function as somewhat normal
human beings for most of the day. When you are suffering through the initial five days of
craziness without nicotine, you will feel more like an angry, rabid bear than a human, and
you will be about as fit company for other humans. Here are some things you can do to make
quitting cold turkey difficult as opposed to impossible:
- smoke until your last day of work or school, and then begin
quitting on the weekend (or whatever days you have off).
- indulge in other things you like, to the point of
foolishness if you feel like it, during the first few days.
- sleep a lot and watch a lot of TV.
- avoid situations that frustrate you you won't deal
with frustration very well.
- avoid any place where people will be smoking.
- call people whom you know well enough to impose upon and
complain to them about how lousy you feel.
- keep a lot of your favorite non-alcoholic drinks on hand.
You will probably feel very thirsty, you'll want to replace the oral gratification of
cigarettes with something, and drinking fluids helps to flush the nicotine out of your
- have something to do with your hands and/or your mouth. If
you like chewing gum, chew it, if you like ripping apart action figures, do so.
- remember that you're one cigarette away from failure.
These hints apply to some degree to every method of
quitting smoking, but if you quit cold turkey you need all the help you can get.
After a year only about 4% of smokers who quit
without any outside help succeed. Nevertheless, most people try to quit alone and many
have reported activities that can help the process of withdrawal. One small study
comparing men who had quit for 10 years with those who failed found that those who
substituted other types of oral behavior were more likely to succeed in quitting than
those who didn't. People who simply tried to distract themselves with busy activities were
typical of those who relapsed. The primary obstacle in trying to quit alone is making the
behavioral changes necessary to eliminate the habits associated with smoking. Excellent
books, tapes, and manuals are available and are strongly recommended to help people who
want to quit without other assistance.